We study the quantum dissipative Duffng oscillator across a range of system sizes and environ- mental couplings under varying semiclassical approximations. Using spatial (based on Kullback- Leibler distances between phase-space attractors) and temporal (Lyapunov exponent-based) com- plexity metrics, we isolate the effect of the environment on quantum-classical differences. Moreover, we quantify the system sizes where quantum dynamics cannot be simulated using semiclassical or noise-added classical approximations. Remarkably, we find that a parametrically invariant meta- attractor emerges at a specific length scale and noise-added classical models deviate strongly from quantum dynamics below this scale. Our findings also generalize the previous surprising result that classically regular orbits can have the greatest quantum-classical differences in the semiclassical regime. In particular, we show that the dynamical growth of quantum-classical differences is not determined by the degree of classical chaos.
Recommended citation: Maris, Andrew D., Bibek Pokharel, Sharan Ganjam Seshachallam, Moses ZR Misplon, and Arjendu K. Pattanayak. “Chaos in the quantum Duffing oscillator in the semiclassical regime under parametrized dissipation.” Physical Review E 104, no. 2 (2021).